The genre of sword-and-planet, best known from Edgar Rice Burroughs’ Barsoom novels, is a frequent topic at Cirsova. This kind of literature, of course, had its inspirations earlier. One such was the ‘Edisonade’, such as Garrit P. Serviss’ Edison’s Conquest of Mars. These proto-SF tales featured interplanetary war, wild new technologies, and weird critters. They served to introduce the ideas of adventures with new technology, and established the SF tropes of Earthlike life on other worlds and the inventor as hero.
Another forebear of sword-and-planet was lost-world and otherworld fantasy. Several writers of this genre, including Rider Haggard, E. Nesbit and Charles Kingsley, wrote for younger readers. Another was Cora Semmes Ives.* Her 1869 The Princess of The Moon: A Confederate Fairy StoryThe Princess of The Moon: A Confederate Fairy Story is a proto-sword-and-planet fantasy.
The pro-Confederate tone of this novel gave me pause. Unlike Augusta Evans’ Macaria, it was not written during the War. However, the author’s biases are clear. Some readers would dislike the story for this reason. However, I believe that this tale is worth study and will discuss the reason.
Ives begins by stating that she made the story up to amuse children at Mecca Plantation. A Southern soldier named Randolph wanders after the end of the War. He sees the Moon and wishes to flee there. A fairy appears from the moon and gives him a flying horse in return for his devotion. Randolph flies, sees the wrecked Confederacy from the air, and then heads to the Moon- a pacifistic utopia lacking war and slavery. The fairy is the mother of the monarch (‘moon-arch’?). Her granddaughter is the ‘Princess’. The hero woos her in disguise, is captured, but wins the grandmother’s approval after a hallucination which resembles Muhammad’s Night Journey.
Thereafter the Yankees appear in balloons bearing carpetbags (somewhat unsubtly). They bear with them a former slave of Randolph’s who is glad to see ‘old massa’. The Yankees steal the Moon-folk’s silver spoons, but Randolph pleads for mercy, and the thieves are spared.
What is it possible to say, a hundred and fifty years later, about a story as eccentric as this? The plot is a stock fairy-tale with a winged horse, swordsmen, and a princess. The hero is hardly a distinct character. But there parallels to a later work. A hero transported by a wish to another world? A swordsman who flies around on his adventures and wins the love of a beautiful princess? A Virginian Confederate officer? The Princess of the Moon is echoed, decades later, by A Princess of Mars! I am unaware of any direct connection, but further investigation may be fruitful. In closing, read this novel if you want to. Recommended for connoisseurs of planets, swords, and oddities.
*:Daughter of Captain Raphael Semmes of the Alabama and wife of Joseph
C. Ives, Western explorer and Confederate officer.